Tree Peony

Tree Peony (Mu Dan Pi)Tree Peony (Mu Dan Pi)

Botanical Name: Paeonia suffruticosa

Tree Peony is grown throughout the world as an ornamental tree and flower and for its medicinal properties. A symbol of honor and wealth the bark is famous for cooling blood, stopping nose bleeds due to high fevers, easing headaches and healing bruises due to injuries. Due to over-harvesting the wild plant is threatened with extinction.

Below is an overview of Tree Peony, combining and interpreting the best of Western Science, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Shamanism, Folklore and more. Gain a balanced and thorough understanding of the healing properties of Tree Peony.

Have we sparked your interest?

Sign up, FREE, for access to all of WRI Healing Herb Fact Sheets and Exclusive Member Only Offers! Your satisfaction is guaranteed.

HERB COURSES

Find out what you DON’T know about how and why herbs work. Take Full Advantage of the Herbs You Choose!

Western

Western Name: Tree Peony

Also Known As: Moutan, Chinese Tree Peony Root Cortex

Organs/Systems: Heart, Circulatory System, Uterus

Key Western Actions & Medicinal Uses: Sedating, Anti-inflammatory, Antibacterial, Antifungal, Antimicrobial.

Eastern

Pin Yin: Mu Dan Pi

Also Known As: Mu Dan

Meridians: Heart, Liver, Kidney

Key TCM Actions & Medicinal Uses: Clears Heat/Cools Blood: treats heat entering the blood level during a warm-febrile disease with symptoms of a bleeding nose, blood in the mucous, or subcutaneous bleeding.  Also used for frequent and profuse menstruation due to heat in the blood. Clears Fire due to Deficiency: for Yin deficiency patterns with steaming bone disorder, especially if there is no sweating. Clears Liver Heat Rising: headache, eye pain, flushing, dysmenorrhea. Invigorates Blood/Removes Blood Statis: Uterine cysts, Liver Blood stagnation causing amernorrhea, abdominal masses, lumps, bruises due to injury.  Drains pus/Reduces Swellings: use externally for firm, non-draining sores or internally for intestinal abscesses.

Basic Habitat/Botany:

Perennial deciduous tree or shrub. Branches are short, with biternate compound leaves. Most species are with double flowers, with obovate petals of rose, red, purple or white flowers. The plant blooms from May to July, bearing fruit from July through August. The flowers of the tree peony are very large compared to most other flowering species and can grow to be 6-12 inches across. There are about 600 Chinese tree peony cultivars.

Native to China it is mainly produced in Anhui and Shangdong provinces in China, in sunny fertile soils. Heze is called the “hometown” of peonies in China

Tree Peony (Mu Dan Pi) Parts Most Frequently Used: Root, Root Bar, Flowers

Flavors/Temps: Acrid, Bitter, Cool

Caution: Due to blood moving properties not recommended during pregnancy.

History/Folklore: The Tree Peony is said to have originated from wild flowers grown in the mountains where they were first treated as firewood by the ancient Chinese Ancestors.

According to the “Shen Nong Herbal Classic,” Tree Peony removes abdominal masses, eliminates blood stagnation, and supports all five of the bodies principal internal organs. It is also tonifies Qi and promotes longevity. The plant’s root bark is the most frequently used part of the plant. Used raw to cool blood, dry-fried to invigorate blood, and charred to stop bleeding. Traditionally, the herb is avoided while taking garlic.

The large beautiful flower has always been a symbol of prosperity and is called the “Queen of Flowers” and “The National Beauty with Heavenly Fragrance.” It is a flower (and plant) that is considered to have not just vain beauty, but a true sense of character. It will never simply yield to others. It will always take its time, like a queen. It fears no one, especially those in power. Ancient Chinese poets depict it as a tough fighter. Peonies are a symbol of honor, wealth, aristocracy, love, affection and feminine beauty.

Tree peonies are slow to grow and have flowers that are fragile under wind, rain or too hot temperatures. The blooms do not last long, though the plant itself is long-lived. The seeds are collected in June when the plant’s seed pods split. They are air-dried for a few days and then stored in moist soil until they are planted again during the Autumn.

The Latin name “Paeonia,” derives from the name “Paeon.” Paeon was a Greek disciple of Asclepus, the god of medicine.

The Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) named the tree peony as China’s national flower. (Currently, the Chinese plum tree is the national Flower of China.)

The fresh petals of the flower are used to make a thick soup or garnish for special dishes. (See Peony Flower/Bai Shao for more about peony flowers and their healing properties). The yellow variety, called Yao Huang in Chinese produces very few blooms but is said to have the grace and nobility of dragons flying. There are many old Chinese tales surrounding peonies. They are a beloved part of Chinese culture and folklore.

Key Constituents:

Phenol, Paeonol, Paeonoside, Paeonolide, Apiopaeonoside, Paeoniflorin, Benzoyle paeoniflorin, Gallic acid, Volatile Oil, Phytosterols, Benzoic acid, Sucrose, Glucose.

Did you know?

Emperor of Emperors

The yellow tree peony (Yao Huang) is called the “Emperor of Emperors” for its rings having thousands of petals.

Facts

Liu Wei Di Huang Wan

Tree Peony (Mu Dan Pi) is a main ingredient in a variety of Chinese patent formulas, including the famous Liu Wei Di Huang Wan (Six Ingredient Pill with Rehmannia).

Fun fact!

Good Quality?

Good quality root bark is very fragrant, thick, white and starchy.

FREE!

Healing Herb Fact Sheet

Download. Print. Share. (PDF viewer such as Adobe Reader required.)

Download Now

Online Courses

Take a Health Break!

Get and give the best of Western Scientific, Eastern Energetic (Traditional Chinese Medicine), Ancient, and Traditional Perspectives.

Learn More

50 Fact Sheets at Once

Save Time with eBook Volumes!

Download 50 Fact Sheets at once in our NEW easy-to-download and print eBook Volumes. (Each volume contains 50 different EWHA™ Healing Herb Fact Sheets!) It’s fast and simple.

Learn More

Want to Learn More?

Join us for FREE to receive Special Offers and updates about our upcoming courses, FREE materials and more.
 
Join, FREE!

References: For a complete list of references please visit our References and Resources page. Disclosure: If you purchase from some links on this web page, we may receive some kind of affiliate commission. However, we only ever mention products we would recommend whether we were being compensated or not. Thank you so much for your support of White Rabbit Institute of Healing!

ATTENTION: All material provided on this website is for informational or educational purposes only. It is not intended as a substitute for the advice of your healthcare professional or physician. Redistribution permitted with attribution. Be Healthy. Be Happy. Be Whole. Be Free.

ATENCIÓN: Todo el material proporcionado en este sitio web es sólo con fines informativos o educativos. No es sustituto del consejo de su profesional de la salud o médico. Esté sano. Sea feliz. Siéntase completo. Sea libre.

Health Break: Detox, Strengthen & Cleanse

Join our next 30-Day “Love Your Liver” Detox Challenge!

A Health Boost and Reset to Balance Body, Mind, & Spirit Using Traditional Chinese Medicine. You'll also recieve our Free Healing Herb Fact Sheets and latest news. Your privacy is guaranteed.

Thank you, you have joined our wait list! We'll let you know when our next 30-Day “Love Your Liver” Detox Challenge is open.

Healing Herb Fact Sheets

Download. Print. Share.

Complete the form below for immediate access to ALL our Herb Fact Sheets.

Thank you for joining us! Please check your email for details on how to access our free Healing Herb Fact Sheets. Be sure to check your spam folder and promotions tab if you have one.