Mulberry – Sang Shen (Berry/Fruit), Sang Ye (Leaves), Sang Bai Pi (Bark)

Botanical Name: Western – Morus nigra. Eastern – Morus alba.

White Mulberry has been a source of food for silkworms, a medicine, and a sweetener. Associated with the Tao and other sacred traditions this tree is often planted in sacred gardens or as a symbol of cosmic order and replenishment. The berries are a wonderful herb for nourishing blood.

Below is an overview of mulberry, combining and interpreting the best of Western Science, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Shamanism, Folklore and more. Gain a balanced and thorough understanding of the healing properties of mulberry.

Have we sparked your interest?

Sign up, FREE, for access to all of WRI Healing Herb Fact Sheets and Exclusive Member Only Offers! Your satisfaction is guaranteed.


Find out what you DON’T know about how and why herbs work. Take Full Advantage of the Herbs You Choose!


Western Name: Mulberry

Also Known As: Black Mulberry Tree

Organs/Systems: Blood, Kidneys

Key Western Actions & Medicinal Uses: Laxative, Antiseptic.


Pin Yin: Sang Shen (Berry/Fruit), Sang Ye (Leaves), Sang Bai Pi (Bark)

Also Known As: Chinese White Mulberry

Meridians: Sang Shen – Heart, Liver, Kidney. Sang Ye – Liver, Lung.  Sang Bai Pi – Lung, Spleen.

Key TCM Actions & Medicinal Uses: Sang Shen (Berry/Fruit) – Nourishes Blood/Cools and Moistens Kidney and Liver Yin: anemia, dry constipation, premature greying of hair. Treats deficient blood and yin conditions. Blood Tonic. Sang Ye (Leaves) – Treats External Heat: colds, flu, fever, headaches. Stops Bleeding: vomiting blood. Sang Bai Pi (Bark) – Transforms Phelgm/Promotes downward flow of Qi: stops coughs, promotes urination, edema and watery eye infections. Drains Heat from the Lungs.

Basic Habitat/Botany:

The Mulberry family, Moraceae is a division of the Urticaceae family (Nettle family). There are upwards of 50 genera and about 900 species.  The young wood is downy, soft and pithy.  Leaves vary in size and form, often shaped like fig-leaves. Mulberry trees do not bear fruit early in life.  While some fruit may occur before 15 years of age, the best fruit is said to come from the oldest trees. White Mulberry is native to China and it is now cultivated throughout Europe and the Americas. They like a warm, well-drained, loamy soil.

Mulberry Parts Most Frequently Used: Leaves, Berries, Bark

Flavors/Temps: Sang Shen – Sweet, Cold. Sang Ye – Sweet, Bitter, Cold. Sang Bai Pi – Sweet, Cold.

Caution: None noted.

History/Folklore: Chinese White Mulberry is used in the silk industry as a food source for silkworms, and was brought to the US in colonial times for the purpose of establishing a silk industry in the Americas. Both black and white mulberry contain a milky juice which coagulates into a rubbery substance thought to give strength to the filaments spun by the silkworm. It is thought to have been brought to England by the Romans, where it was likely introduced from Persia.  Early Greek and Roman writings refer to the plant.  The Romans ate mulberries at feasts.  The legend of Pyramus and Thisbe tells of their being slayed beneath a Mulberry tree with the fruit changing from white to red as it absorbed their blood.

The Mulberry was included among the large list of useful and medicinal plants order by Charlemagne (812 AD) to be cultivated on the imperial farm. King James I in 1608, issued an edict encouraging the cultivation of Mulberries in order to promote Englands silk industry. However, the Black Mulberry was planted, not the White whose leaves the silkworms flourish on as a main source of food. The oldest Mulberry tree in England is said to be of Syon House, Brentford. The tree was introduced from Persia in 1548 and is reputed to have been planted by the botanist Turner.

In China each of the plants parts have unique and diverse therapeutic uses (see above). The berries are bottled as a beverage to enhance immunity and promote good health. The bark is honey-fried to enhance the stop coughing and wheezing functions of good quality bark is thick, powdery and white.  The leaves are also used as an external wash for eye problems. Good quality leaves are large with thick leaves that are complete, crisp and yellow-green in color.

In some Chinese traditions the World Tree is identified as K’ong Sang, the hollow mulberry tree.  It is considered a hermaphrodite because the tree dates back prior to the separation of Yin and Yang (male and female) and represents the Tao, or all encompassing cosmic order. This connection to the Tao and cosmic order set the standard for a sacred mulberry grove, Sang Lin, to be planted outside the eastern gates of the early royal capitals of China.  The mulberry is also a common tree in Isalmic sanctuaries or on Arab pilgrimage routes.

Key Constituents:

Significant amounts of Vitamin A, B1, B2 and C. Protein, Lipids, Anathocyanins.

Did you know?

Paper in Japan

In Japan, paper is manufactured from the fibrous bark.


Bread in Cabul

In Cabul the berry is pounded into a powder and used with flour for bread.

Fun fact!

Sweet Syrup

Mulberry syrup is often used to sweeten and improve the flavor of other more bitter herbal decoctions and teas.


Healing Herb Fact Sheet

Download. Print. Share. (PDF viewer such as Adobe Reader required.)

Download Now

Online Courses

Take a Health Break!

Get and give the best of Western Scientific, Eastern Energetic (Traditional Chinese Medicine), Ancient, and Traditional Perspectives.

Learn More

50 Fact Sheets at Once

Save Time with eBook Volumes!

Download 50 Fact Sheets at once in our NEW easy-to-download and print eBook Volumes. (Each volume contains 50 different EWHA™ Healing Herb Fact Sheets!) It’s fast and simple.

Learn More

Want to Learn More?

Join us for FREE to receive Special Offers and updates about our upcoming courses, FREE materials and more.
Join, FREE!

References: For a complete list of references please visit our References and Resources page. Disclosure: If you purchase from some links on this web page, we may receive some kind of affiliate commission. However, we only ever mention products we would recommend whether we were being compensated or not. Thank you so much for your support of White Rabbit Institute of Healing!

ATTENTION: All material provided on this website is for informational or educational purposes only. It is not intended as a substitute for the advice of your healthcare professional or physician. Redistribution permitted with attribution. Be Healthy. Be Happy. Be Whole. Be Free.

ATENCIÓN: Todo el material proporcionado en este sitio web es sólo con fines informativos o educativos. No es sustituto del consejo de su profesional de la salud o médico. Esté sano. Sea feliz. Siéntase completo. Sea libre.

Health Break: Detox, Strengthen & Cleanse

Join our next 30-Day “Love Your Liver” Detox Challenge!

A Health Boost and Reset to Balance Body, Mind, & Spirit Using Traditional Chinese Medicine. You'll also recieve our Free Healing Herb Fact Sheets and latest news. Your privacy is guaranteed.

Thank you, you have joined our wait list! We'll let you know when our next 30-Day “Love Your Liver” Detox Challenge is open.

Healing Herb Fact Sheets

Download. Print. Share.

Complete the form below for immediate access to ALL our Herb Fact Sheets.

Thank you for joining us! Please check your email for details on how to access our free Healing Herb Fact Sheets. Be sure to check your spam folder and promotions tab if you have one.