Lion’s Mane

Lion’s Mane (Hou Tou Gu)

Botanical Name: Hericium erinaceus

Lion’s mane is a culinary and medicinal mushroom. It can be mistaken for other (also edible) species of Hericium, that can grow in the same areas as lion’s mane. In China, India, Japan, and Korea, the mushroom is popularly used raw, cooked, dried, or steeped in teas. Lion’s mane is especially useful for supporting the brain, heart, and gut. It helps protect against dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, depression, and damage to the nervous system, including strokes and physical injuries. It can help protect against ulcers in the digestive tract, manage diabetes, and reduce the risk of heart disease.

Watch a short video, from Ann Christensen, Founder and Creator of White Rabbit Institute of Healing™ – Your Brain on Lion’s Mane…

Below is an overview of lion’s mane, combining the best of Western Science, Oriental Medicine, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Shamanism, Folklore, and a wide range of healing modalities. Gain a balanced and thorough understanding of the healing properties of lion’s mane.

How to take FULL advantage of Lion’s Mane's healing powers...

Lion’s Mane (Hou Tou Gu)

JOIN ME in an exploration of the healing herb, Lion’s Mane (Hou Tou Gu). Dive deep into the benefits and applications of Lion’s Mane, from Eastern and Western perspectives, and so much more!


Western Name: Lion’s Mane

Also Known As: Monkey Head Mushroom, Bearded Tooth Mushroom, Satyr’s Beard, Pom Pom Mushroom, Bearded Hedgehog Mushroom, Bearded Tooth Fungus

Organs/Systems: Nervous System, Digestive System, Heart

Key Actions: Neuroprotective, Anti-inflammatory, Antioxidant, Immune Enhancing, Stimulant, Antidepressant, Nootropic, Anxiolytic, Anticancer, Antibiotic, Hepatoprotective, Anti-aging, Cardioprotective, Antidiabetic, Antihypertensive, Nephroprotective

Medicinal Uses: Dementia, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, cancer, depression, anxiety, stomach ulcers, poor memory, cognitive skills, diabetes, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), wounds, high cholesterol, poor digestion, multiple sclerosis, H. pylori infection, pancreatitis, gastroesophageal reflux (GERD), weight loss.


Pin Yin: Hou Tou Gu

Also Known As: Yamabushitake

Meridians: Heart, Liver, Spleen, Lungs, Kidneys

Key Actions: Tonifies the Heart and Brain, Heals Wounds, Regenerates Flesh, Supports the Liver, Spleen, Heart, Lungs, and Kidney

Medicinal Uses: Improves cognitive function, memory, concentration, and muscular coordination. Supports heart health, nervous system, and digestion function. Helps prevent cancer, stomach and intestinal ulcers, wasting and thirsting disorder, and neurasthenia. Treats diabetes, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, dementia, depression, cancer, skin injuries, wounds, neuropathy, stomach ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux (GERD).

Basic Habitat / Botany:

Lion’s mane is a white mushroom belonging to the tooth fungus group. It is easily identified by its long spines that give it the appearance of a lion’s mane. It tends to grow a single clump of long dangling spines. In the wild, the mushrooms are commonly found during the later summer and fall on hardwoods.

Lion’s mane is native to North America, Europe, and Asia. It likes to grow on hardwoods, particularly American beech.

Parts Most Frequently Used: Mushroom

Flavors/Temps: Sweet, Neutral

Caution: Considered safe, even at high doses. Some individuals may experience allergic reactions causing shortness of breath or skin rashes.

Key Constituents: Polysaccharides (including B-glucans, Heteroglycans, Heteroxylans), Diterpenoids (including Hericenones and Erinacines), Palmitic acid, Threitol, D-arabinitol, Amino acids, Polypeptides, Sterols, Ergosterol, Potassium, Zinc, Iron, Selenium

History/Folklore: Lion’s mane increases Nerve Growth Factor (NGF) in the brain, enhancing neuronal growth, regeneration, and synaptic plasticity. It improves myelination, enhances neuronal communication and nerve regeneration, and increases synaptic potentiation improving memory.

Lion’s mane can decrease glutamatergic transmissions that decrease neuronal excitability and excitotoxicity. Research published in the International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms confirmed lion’s mane’s ability for stimulating the growth of axons and dendrites from neurons, which can then slow or reverse cell degeneration in the brain associated with Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.

Lion’s mane has also been shown to be effective in countering cell death caused by medications and treatments for brain conditions.

Lion’s mane has long been used in Oriental Medicine as a tonic for the five internal organs (Heart, Liver, Lung, Spleen, and Kidney). Typical dosing is 10 to 30g. Lion’s mane is also popularly used in culinary dishes throughout China and Japan. It is recognized for its superior support of brain and nerve function.

Research indicates that lion’s mane can help lower blood sugar levels and improve nerve damage caused by chronic high levels of blood sugar.

Lion’s mane has been found effective for treating mild depression and anxiety. It can help counter the irritability, forgetfulness, and poor concentration associated with stress or menopausal symptoms. It has been shown to improve mental clarity.

Several studies have indicated that lion’s mane’s powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties may make it especially effective for managing inflammatory bowel diseases, liver damage, and stroke. Lion’s mane may also help reduce the health risks associated with obesity, as the mushroom decreases the amount of inflammation released by fat tissues. Fatty tissue inflammation is a factor in the formation of metabolic syndrome, a cluster of conditions that increase the risk of heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.

Used topically, lion’s mane can help heal wounds and repair the damage caused to nerve endings due to injury.

Lion’s mane has been shown to boost the immune response associated with the intestinal tract helping to protect the body from pathogens entering the gut through the mouth or nose.

Lion’s mane is popularly included in many mushroom coffee substitutes and health drinks.

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Did you know?

Revered by Monks

Lion’s mane has a long history in Oriental Medicine and Asia. It is revered by a sect of Buddhist monks, who wear a garment known as suzukake that resembles lion’s mane mushroom.



Lion’s mane is often described as having a “seafood-like” flavor comparable to lobster or crab.

Fun fact!

Reserved for Royalty

Lion’s mane has been reserved for royalty during certain times in history.

How to use Lion’s Mane (Hou Tou Gu) and take FULL advantage of it's healing powers!

Find out how to safely use this powerful herb and get specific recipes you can make use of immediately. Dive deep into Eastern and Western perspectives about HOW and WHY this herb works. Includes uses, benefits, essential oils, gardening tips, and much, much more.

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ATTENTION: All material provided on this website is for informational or educational purposes only. It is not intended as a substitute for the advice of your healthcare professional or physician. Redistribution permitted with attribution. Be Healthy. Be Happy. Be Whole. Be Free.

ATENCIÓN: Todo el material proporcionado en este sitio web es sólo con fines informativos o educativos. No es sustituto del consejo de su profesional de la salud o médico. Esté sano. Sea feliz. Siéntase completo. Sea libre.

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