Iris (Hu Die Hua)
Botanical Name: Western – Iris pallida, I. pseudacorus, I. tuberousa, I. germanica, I. florentina, I. versicolor. Eastern – I. pallasi, I. speculatrix, I. japonicae.
Iris cultivation has produced many varieties of species. It is the Flag Irises that are known for their medicinal properties. They are also known as a blood and liver cleansing herb that has been used as a cure-all by Native Americans for centuries.
Below is an overview of Iris, combining and interpreting the best of Western Science, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Shamanism, Folklore and more. Gain a balanced and thorough understanding of the healing properties of Iris.
Western Name: Iris
Also Known As: Blue Flag, Blue Iris, Fleur-de-lis, Liver Lily, Poison Flag, Wild Iris
Organs/Systems: Large Intestines, Liver, Bladder
Key Western Actions & Medicinal Uses: Cathartic, Emetic, Detoxifying, Anti-inflammatory, Laxative, Tonic.
Pin Yin: Hu Die Hua
Also Known As: Hu Die Hua translates as Fringed Iris Herb, Yuan Wei Hua, Xiao Hua Yuan Wei (which translates as Small Garden)
Meridians: Large Intestines
Key TCM Actions & Medicinal Uses: Clears Heat/Removes Toxicity/Relaxes the Bowels: jaundice due to Damp-Heat, hepatitis, constipation, hepatalgia.
Parts Most Frequently Used: Root, Rhizomes, Seed, Flower
Flavors/Temps: Acrid, Bitter, Cold
Caution: Do not use while pregnant.
History/Folklore: Iris is named after the rainbow goddess, Iris because of the variety of the colors in the flowers genus. Iris is a symbol of power and majesty. The three leaves of the blossom are seen in Egyptian iconography on the Sphinx as the symbol for faith, wisdom and valor.
In ancient Greece and Rome irises in the form of Orris Root (a combination of I. germanica, I. pallida and I. florentina) were used largely in the making of perfumes. Orris Root is rarely used today in medicine in the way that the American varietal I. veriscolor is used.
Orris Root was mixed wit h anise in England as a perfume for linens in the wardrobe of King Edward IV (1480). The powdered roots are still used for washing linens with to add a refreshing and clean fragrance to them.
The Russians used the roots to flavor a drink commonly made from honey and ginger.
French monarchs have used the image of the iris as their insignia known as the fleur-de-lis.
The German species, I. germanica, is well-known as a powerful cathartic, and hence its ability to treat dropsy. The fresh roots have an earthy scent, similar to violets that can, over time, become stronger and stronger smelling. The flower is is also called Blue Flower de Luce.
Native Americans used the herb as a cure-all. There is evidence that some tribes grew irises near their villages in order to keep the herb handy for medicinal uses. They even used it as a poultice to heal sores and bruises. North American tribes believed the scent of the herb protected against rattlesnakes. If the scent of the root was kept on your hands and clothes rattlesnakes would not bite you and the roots were rubbed onto their teeth and chewed so that rattlesnakes could be held within their teeth during ceremonies without getting bitten while the scent endured.
The Chinese make use of I. pallasii and I. japonicae. Hu Die Hua (I. japonicae) is used to relax the bowels and aid constipation.
Iridin, Isopthalic acids, Salicylic acids, Triterpenoids, Volatile oil, Resin, Gum, Starch, Tannins, Oleo-resin, Phenolic glycosides, Sterols.
The chief economic use for irises is the cultivation of Orris Root (Rhizoma Iridis) which is derived from I. germanica, I. pallida and I. florentina and is used in perfume. The three varieties are so similar to one another that they are not easily distinguished from one another.
The American varietal, I. veriscolor, is used in western pharmacology for the making of western drugs.
The larger and finer roots of irises are often turned into rosary beads used for counting prayers.
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