Galangal (Gao Liang Jiang)
Botanical Name: Alpinia galanga, A. officinarum
Pronounced guh-LANG-guh, galangal is in the ginger family, but it is not ginger! It is used extensively in Asian cuisine and as a medicine. It is often used to treat digestive disorders, diseases associated with inflammation, such as arthritis, diabetes, and Alzheimer’s, and has been shown in studies to be highly effective for treating and preventing the spread of gastric, breast, colon, pancreatic, liver, bile duct, leukemia, and melanoma cancers.
Below is an overview of Galangal (Gao Liang Jiang), combining and interpreting the best of Western Science, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Shamanism, Folklore and more. Gain a balanced and thorough understanding of the healing properties of Galangal (Gao Liang Jiang).
Also Known As: Galana, Thai Ginger, Laos Root, Kah, Blue Ginger
Organs/Systems: Respiratory System, Digestive System, Immune System
Key Actions: Aromatic, Stimulant, Carminative, Antimicrobial, Analgesic, Digestive, Antipyretic, Antibacterial, Laxative, Anti-inflammatory, Antioxidant
Medicinal Uses: Coughs, asthma, incontinence, ulcers, throat infections, diabetes, fevers, rheumatism, whooping cough, bad breath, colds, flus, cancer, tumors, stomach aches, constipation, nausea, anorexia, colic, chronic gastritis.
Pin Yin: Gao Liang Jiang
Also Known As: Lesser galangal (A. officinarum)
Meridians: Spleen, Stomach
Key Actions: Warms the Interior, Expels Cold, Moves Qi, Supports Yang
Medicinal Uses: Stomach disorders, motion sickness, coughs, diarrhea, acid reflux, abdominal pain, vomiting, loss of appetite.
Galangal is a reed-like perennial herb with stems that can grow up to be about 5 feet tall and are covered with sheaths of narrow lanceolate leaves. It has white flowers that are veined and shaded a dull red. Its leaves are long, narrow blades. Its rhizomes are seldom more than ¾ inch thick.
Lesser galangal (A. officinarum) is cultivated in India, China, and Southwest Asia. It mainly grows in the Eastern Himalayas and Southwest India. Greater galangal (A. galangal) is native to Java.
Parts Most Frequently Used: Roots, Rhizomes
Flavors/Temps: Bitter, Pungent, Warming to Hot
Caution: Considered safe when used in cooking and in recommended doses. Used in extremely high doses it may cause stomach upset.
History/Folklore: Besides galangals digestive and antibacterial properties, the herb is also being used for its anticancer and ability to support healthy brain function. Significant studies have shown the herb to be effective against leukemia, pancreatic, colon, breast, gastric, liver, bile duct, and melanoma cancers.
Studies have confirmed that a liquid extract made from the herb significantly destroyed gastric cancer cells. It has also shown an ability to do the same for acute monocytic leukemia, which is a fast moving leukemia. Using chemotherapy to treat this type of leukemia has the dangerous effect of destroying neighboring healthy cells and galangal extract did not have this side effect. Further studies have shown that galangal significantly inhibits the growth of pancreatic, colon, breast, liver, bile duct, and melanoma cancers.
Galangal has been used in Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine for thousands of years. It was brought to England and northern Europe in the 13th century by the crusaders where it became a popular spice and medicine. St. Hildegard of Bingen (1098-1179 C.E.), recommended the herb as the spice for life and used it in many of her formulas. The herb also has a long history in Arabic medicine for its healing properties.
In Chinese medicine, lesser galangal (A. officinarum) is used to treat conditions associated with Cold in the Middle Burner with such symptoms as abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, and chronic inflammation in the digestive tract caused by Cold. It is also an important ingredient in Tiger Balm and universe oil, two commonly used products to help treat muscle aches, headaches, insect bites, and other minor ailments. The powdered root is often used with salt on a roasted chicken or vegetables.
Do not confuse galangal (A. galangal and A. officinarum) with Boesnebergia rotunda (aka Chinese Ginger or Fingerroot) or Kaempferia galanga (aka Black Galangal or Sand Ginger), both also commonly called galangla, but which are in fact, two entirely different plants.
Galangal is often used in Indonesian, Chinese, and Asian cuisine for its mild spicy flavor. Its flavor is described as being between pepper and ginger. It is often cooked with lemongrass In Asia, young inflorescences and leaves are eaten raw in salads. Galangal oil is used to flavor French liqueurs and even some tobaccos. The large, ordinary, preserved ginger of China is actually A. galanga (greater galangal) and not common ginger (Zingiber officinale). The Russians use it to make a liqueur called “nastoika” and it is popular in Lithuania and Estonia. In India, the oil is valued for making perfume. The powder has been used as a snuff for catarrh. The seeds of galangal are used as a breath freshener, digestive aid, and dental cleanser.
Galangal has been shown in vitro to inhibit anthrax bacillus. The herb has antibacterial and antifungal properties that help treat food poisoning caused by staphylococcus, E. coli, listeria, salmonella, and clostridium. It has been found to even fight, amoxicillin-resistant E. coli and actually reverse the resistance some strains have to amoxicillin. Using galangal to cook shellfish, especially oysters, reduced the chance of contracting vibriosis, a bacteria that causes food poisoning in undercooked shellfish.
The kaempferol compound found in galangal helps to reduce mastitis, inflammation of the nipple caused by breastfeeding.
Fresh (less than a year old) powdered herb is considered more convenient for making tinctures.
Galangal can be blended with aloe to help counter the herbs potential laxative effects.
Galangal has many magical applications including spitting the juice from a chewed piece of root on the floor of a courtroom before the judge enters to win your case. It is also used in to double your money and break hexes. Galangal can be burned to remove evil spells and cleanse negative energies from your environment. It is also used to increase psychic abilities.
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