Figwort/Scrofula (Xuan Shen)Figwort/Scrophula (Xuan Shen)

Botanical Name: Western – Scrophularia nodosa, S. californica, S. aquatic, S. marylandica. Eastern – S. ningpoensis.

The botanical name for figwort, Scrophularia, comes from scrofula, a form of tuberculosis that the herb is famous for treating. It is a mild herb best known for its ability to clear toxicities in the lymph and skin. It dissolves swellings and tumors of all kinds, including scrofula. In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), the herb is used to hemorrhoids, psoriasis, ulcers and other skin fungal infections. It can stimulate the uterus, regulate menses, and release a retained placenta. Figwort is an excellent example of an herb that promotes cleansing not through elimination but through actually cleansing the blood, tissues, lymph and skin. It is an excellent cleanser for the glands.

Below is an overview of Figwort/Scrophula (Xuan Shen), combining and interpreting the best of Western Science, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Shamanism, Folklore and more. Gain a balanced and thorough understanding of the healing properties of Figwort/Scrophula (Xuan Shen).

Have we sparked your interest?

Sign up, FREE, for access to all of WRI Healing Herb Fact Sheets and Exclusive Member Only Offers! Your satisfaction is guaranteed.

Find Out More!

Take full advantage of the healing powers of herbs! What do they treat? How can they be used? Get an Eastern and Western perspective about how and why healing herbs works. Get recipes, gardening tips, insights, and much, much more.


Western Name: Figwort/Scrophula

Also Known As: Scrophularia, Knotted Figwort, Woodland Figwort, Rosenoble, Throatwort, Carpenters Square, Kernelwort, Escrophularia, Heal-all Scrofula Plant

Organs/Systems: Lungs, Skin, Heart

Key Western Actions & Medicinal Uses: S. nodosa – Detoxing, Mild laxative, Analgesic, Anti-inflammatory, Circulatory stimulant, Diuretic, Heart Stimulant, Anodyne, Laxative, Emetic. S. ningpoensis – Detoxing, Mild laxative, Analgesic, Anti-inflammatory, Antibacterial, Antifungal, Antiviral, Antimicrobial, Cooling, Heart Tonic, Lowers Blood Pressure, Sedative, Tonic. Scrofula, tuberculosis, burns, abscesses, wounds, skin eruptions, hemorrhoids, gangrene, ulcers, eczema and psoriasis, expelling worms, cleanses blood, rheumatic conditions, lymphatic disorders, stimulates: the liver, heart and blood circulation.


Pin Yin: Xuan Shen (Translates as “Dark Root.”)

Also Known As: Hei Shen, Yuan Shen, Hei Xuan Shen

Meridians: Kidney, Lung, Stomach

Key TCM Actions & Medicinal Uses: Clears Heat/Cools Blood: used when Heat enters the blood level of warm-febrile diseases (Yin and Xue stages) causing bleeding, dry mouth, purplish tongue, and other similar deficient Heat symptoms as well. Nourishes Yin: fever conditions with constipation, irritability, and dry cough. Drains Fire/Relieves Toxicity: swollen or red eyes, and especially extreme cases of sore throats. Softens nodules: neck lumps due to Phelgm-Fire, sore throat pain, swollen tonsils, scrofula and swelling.

Basic Habitat/Botany:

The genus Scrophularia of the family Scrophulariaceae is made up of about 200 species of herbaceous flowering plants commonly called figworts. They all share square stems, opposite leaves and open two-lipped flowers forming clusters at the end of their stems. The leaves are heart-shaped or oval and dark green. The bisexual flowers have 5 united sepals and 5 united petals, usually 2-lipped with 2 lobes up and 3 lobes down. The flowers are green with red-brown upper lips and small green sepals. Figwort can grow up to three feet tall in height with a horizontal rhizome with bulbous, tuber-shaped joints.

Found throughout the Northern Hemisphere, but mostly in Asia, there are only a few species in Europe and North America. The plant grows wild in Europe and Western Asia. It thrives in woodlands, riverbanks, hedgegrows, and along ditches.

Parts Most Frequently Used: Western – Stems, Leaves. Eastern – Root.

Flavors/Temps: Salty, Sweet, Bitter, Acrid, Cold

Caution: Large doses can cause vomiting and diarrhea. Not recommended for pregnant, nursing mothers, or children. Figwort is a heart stimulant, so if you have a heart disease or irregular heart rate, be sure to consult your healthcare provider.

History/Folklore: The name, Scrophularia, comes from scrofula, a form of tuberculosis, that the herb is famous for treating. It is an infection of the lymph nodes in the neck. According to the “Doctrine of Signatures” if an herb resembles a specific body part than the herb can be considered for treating that condition or body part. The resemblance of the bulbous shape of the plant’s rhizomes to swollen glands led to it being used to successfully treat scrofula. It remains one of the best medicinal plants for treating swelling and tumors. In Traditional Chinese Medicine it is called “The King Herb” for treating cancerous tumors.

The species S. aquatic (Water Figwort), S. marylandica (American Figwort) are used in the same way as S. nodosa (Figwort). The Knotted Figwort (S. nodosa) is commonly found throughout England compared to the Water Figwort (S. aquatic) while similar in habitat, differs in the form of its roots and has more distinctly heart-shaped leaves than the Water Figwort (S. aquatic).

Mainly used as a detoxifier, externally the herb will help speed the healing of burns, abscesses, wounds, skin eruptions, hemorrhoids, gangrene, ulcers, eczema and psoriasis. It has also been effective in expelling worms.

Figwort is a good diuretic and blood cleansing herb. It has mild laxative and analgesic (suppress pain) properties. It helps stimulate the liver, heart and blood circulation.

Used to treat skin disorders the herb is often combined with yellow dock (Rumex crispus) .

The constituents harpagoside and harpagid are being studied for their ability to soothe joint pain. Whenever there is a buildup of toxins as in rheumatic conditions, lymphatic disorders, or skin problems such as eczema or psoriasis, figwort is considered for use in treatment.

Compresses soaked in an infusion of figwort can be used to treat eczema skin inflammations and fungal infections.

Figwort has been used as a substitute for the herb devil’s claw (harpagophytum) as the two herbs contain similar constituents.

In Traditional Chinese Medicine, the herb is dried-fried in salt to enhance the plant’s Yin-nourishing properties.

Good quality is big, thick and hard with a thin skin and a black color. Typical dosing is 9-30 grams.

Key Constituents:

Amino acids, Flavonoids, Phenolic acids (Ferulic, Vanillic, Caffeic, Cinnamic), Saponins, Cardiac glycoside, Aucubin (an Iridoid glycoside), Harpagoside, Harpagid, Phytosterols, Essential fatty acids, Asparagine, Saponins, Cardioactive glycosides, Alkaloids (including Diosmin), Iridoids (including Monoterpenes, Acubin, Harpagoside and Acetyl harpagide), Phenolic acids, Essential Fatty acids, Asparagine

Did you know?


The name “scrofula” is a form of tuberculosis, a disease that several species of this herb are used for.


Unpleasant Aroma

The plant has an unpleasant aroma and bitter taste.

Fun fact!

Related to Foxglove

Figwort is closely related to the plant commonly called foxglove (Digitalis purpurea). Both plants contain cardiac glycosides that affect the heart. Figwort contains far less of these compounds than foxglove, but if you have heart problems be sure to consult your healthcare provider.

FREE Trial!

Get a NEW Healing Herb Fact Sheet each week!

Sign up for immediate access to your first Healing Herb Fact Sheet and a one month free trial. Find out for yourself why over 50,000 people have already signed up.

Sign Up Now

Choose the Right Herbs for You!

Take FULL Advantage of the Healing Powers of Herbs!

Our Healing Herb Library is a collection of How to Use Herb Health Sessions that guide you through individual herbs, helping you to take full advantage of each herb’s unique healing powers.

Learn More

Flower Your World with Healing Herb Fact Sheets!

Get 300+ Fact Sheets,
Right Now!

Get IMMEDIATE access to Our Complete Collection of 6 eBook Volumes containing 300+ Healing Herb Fact Sheets.

Learn More

Want to Learn More?

Join us for FREE to receive Special Offers and updates about our upcoming courses, FREE materials and more.
Join, FREE!

Disclosure: If you purchase from some links on this web page, we may receive some kind of affiliate commission. However, we only ever mention products we would recommend whether we were being compensated or not. Thank you so much for your support of White Rabbit Institute of Healing!

ATTENTION: All material provided on this website is for informational or educational purposes only. It is not intended as a substitute for the advice of your healthcare professional or physician. Redistribution permitted with attribution. Be Healthy. Be Happy. Be Whole. Be Free.

ATENCIÓN: Todo el material proporcionado en este sitio web es sólo con fines informativos o educativos. No es sustituto del consejo de su profesional de la salud o médico. Esté sano. Sea feliz. Siéntase completo. Sea libre.

Health Break: Detox, Strengthen & Cleanse

Join our next 30-Day “Love Your Liver” Detox Challenge!

A Health Boost and Reset to Balance Body, Mind, & Spirit Using Traditional Chinese Medicine. You'll also recieve our Free Healing Herb Fact Sheets and latest news. Your privacy is guaranteed.

Thank you, you have joined our wait list! We'll let you know when our next 30-Day “Love Your Liver” Detox Challenge is open.

Healing Herb Fact Sheets

Download. Print. Share.

Complete the form below for immediate access to ALL our Herb Fact Sheets.

Thank you for joining us! Please check your email for details on how to access our free Healing Herb Fact Sheets. Be sure to check your spam folder and promotions tab if you have one.

You have Successfully Subscribed!