Feverfew (Xiao Bai Ju)
Botanical Name: Tanacetum parthenium L., Chrysanthemum parthenium, Pyrethrum parthenium
The herb is best known for treating migraines and its accompanying symptoms such as nausea, anxiety, pain, dizziness, and light and sound sensitivity. It is also effective for treating menstrual disorders that include headaches, cramping, nausea and anxiety. It is showing anticancer properties and is effective for treating gastrointestonal disorders. It is also commonly called Chrysanthemum parthenium, though it is not the same plant as chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum morifolii).
Below is an overview of Feverfew (Xiao Bai Ju), combining and interpreting the best of Western Science, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Shamanism, Folklore and more. Gain a balanced and thorough understanding of the healing properties of Feverfew (Xiao Bai Ju).
Western Name: Feverfew
Also Known As: Featherfew, Bride’s Button, Bachelor’s Button, Febrifuge Plant, Wild Chamomile, Flirtwort, Compositae
Organs/Systems: Nervous System, Skin, Stomach, Uterus
Key Actions: Febrifuge, Anti-inflammatory, Antispasmodic, Relaxant, Analgesic, Diaphoretic
Medicinal Uses: Fevers, migraines, rheumatoid arthritis, stomach aches, toothaches, insect bites, infertility, menstrual issues, labor during childbirth, psoriasis, anemia, dizziness, nausea, vomiting diarrhea, prevent miscarriage, bone disorders, edema (especially of the feet), dermatitis, weight gain, anxiety, gout.
Pin Yin: Xiao Bai Ju
Also Known As: N/A
Meridians: Lung, Liver, Stomach
Key Actions: Tonifies Yin, Clears Heat, Clears Wind Heat, Clears Liver Heat, Calms Shen
Medicinal Uses: Migraine, headaches, nausea, vomiting, menstrual disorders, fever, dizziness, arthritis, anxiety, increases appetite, and soothes red, itchy skin disorders.
Feverfew is a herbaceous perennial plant that is a member of the daisy family Asteraceae. Its leaves are a light yellowish green and vaiously pinnatifid. Its daisy-like flowers are up to 20 mm across and bloom from June to August.
Feverfew is native to Eurasia, particularly the Balkan Peninsula, Anatolia and the Caucasus. It is now found in the rest of Europe, North America and Chile.
Parts Most Frequently Used: Aerial Parts of the Plant
Flavors/Temps: Bitter, Cool
Caution: Generally considered safe when used appropriately for not more than four months at a time. It can cause allergic reactions, including contact dermatitis. Some people may experience nausea, diarrhea, gas, vomiting or abdominal cramping. It is not recommended for pregnant women. The herb may interact with blood thinning medications.
History/Folklore: With a long history of traditional use, feverfew has been documented as far back as the first century AD by the Greek physician Dioscorides, as being useful for treating inflammation. The Greeks called it pyrethron, from pyro, meaning “fire” which is a reference to the hot taste of the root. They also used it treat “melancholy” a condition associated with persistent headaches and long term depression. It is used to treat fevers, headaches, migraines, arthritis, allergies, asthma, nausea, and vomiting.
A study conducted in Great Britain of 270 people suffering from migraines found that more than 70% felt better after taking an average two to three leaves of feverfew a day.
A study published in Clinical Drug Investigation, found that using a combination of white willow bark, which contains salicin the compound used to make aspirin, and feverfew was effective in preventing migraine headaches safely.
A story from the U.K. tells of a Welsh doctor who used it to end a 50 year struggle with migraines. She said she ate three leaves a day for a period of 10 months, and the migraines disappeared forever. The incident is said to have triggered multiple studies, some of which confirm the herbs ability to effectively prevent and treat migraines.
A typical recommended dose of powdered feverfew for treating arthritic pain and inflammation is 100 to 125 mg. It is considered to be a natural alternative for effectively treating rheumatoid arthritis.
A decoction of honey and feverfew is said to be good for coughs, wheezing, shortness of breath, and asthma. As a tea, 1 to 2 teaspoons per cup of boiling water is used and allowed to steep for 3 to 10 minutes. Typically 2 ml was recommended 2 to 3 times a day as directed. Otherwise, 6 to 12 g per day is a common recommended dose.
Feverfew helps to fight fevers by promoting sweating and eliminating toxins from the body.
Used externally as a wash, feverfew is effective for treating inflamed and itching skin conditions such as psoriasis and dermatitis. It is considered especially effective for treating redness. Even extracts with the compound parthenolide removed showed potent anti-inflammatory effects useful for soothing inflamed, irritated, red, itchy skin conditions.
Feverfew is useful for treating menstrual irregularities, including delayed menses, cramping, excess bleeding, hormonal swings, anxiety, stomach nausea, headaches, irritability, and muscle aches.
In Oriental medicine, feverfew is similar to chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum morifolii), making them somewhat interchangeable.
There is some evidence that long term use of feverfew followed by abrupt discontinuation of the herb may cause withdrawal symptoms that include rebound headaches and muscle and joint pain.
The constituent parthenolide has been shown to induce cell death in some cancer cells and to be able to potentially target cancer stem cells. The same compound is attributed with having analgesic, antispasmodic, and anti-inflammatory properties. The compound is said to inhibit the release of two inflammatory substances, serotonin and prostaglandins, both of which are identified with triggers migraines. Serotonin triggers the release of histamine, which expands the blood vessels and thereby triggers migraines.
Feverfew can help people recovering from injury or surgery gain weight by increasing appetite. The plant has been linked to hormonal activity that induces hunger.
In India, feverfew is occasionally grown to make ornaments that are then used on Christmas trees.
Eating the raw leaves can cause mouth ulcerations and inflamed gums, numbness, and a loss of taste.
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Sesquiterpene lactones (including Parthenolide, Luteolin, Apigenin), Flavonoids, Volatile oils (including Camphor, Borneol, Pyrethrins).
The herbs name, feverfew, derives from the Latin word, febrifugia, meaning, “fever reducer.”
Feverfew is a hardy plant with a distinct bitter scent.
Victorian Language of Flower
In the Victorian language of flowers, feverfew symbolizes fire, warmth, and protection.
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